Tooth decay remains one of the most common diseases today, but modern dentistry has seen significant advancements in the fight against cavities. Dentists are now adopting a personalized approach to tooth decay care, rather than a one-size-fits-all approach, based on years of an experimental and clinical study.

The previous method of treating decay by drilling and filling does not necessarily improve the conditions that cause the disease, and the possibility of infection persists. Today’s dental practitioners take a more cautious attitude by assessing risk and incorporating individualized prevention plans, which have shown to be efficient.

The mouth is a perfect reflection of the ecosystem. Any factor in a living organism’s ecosystem interacts with it in some way. The teeth have an enamel coating, which is a finely mineralized crystalline structure made primarily of calcium and phosphate. They are often bathed in remarkable fluid saliva, which is important for preserving a neutral atmosphere or equilibrium between acids and alkaloids.

Dental plaque, the whitish slippery bacterium that gathers and grows on the teeth, attracts specific acid-producing bacteria. When you consume sugars or carbohydrates, these bacteria break down the sugars and release acid as a by-product, increasing the acidity in your mouth.

The minerals just under the enamel surface of the teeth begin to de-mineralize or lose their strength at around pH 5.5. More calcium and phosphate leave than reach the surface of the teeth during this process, which is the first step in the decay process. Dentin, which is softer than enamel and makes up the layer beneath the enamel and the roots of teeth, is more vulnerable to decay.

These are some of the symptoms through which you can identify tooth decay, immediately contact a dentist in these scenarios.

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